Chronicler: Janet Inda

Interviewer: Miel Anjel Elustondo

Location: Fallon

Date: 1990s

Track 1

Duration: 00:30:10

Language: English


Indexes, translations, and sound byte files by Pedro J. Oiarzabal


00:00:19           Janet was born January 7, 1945 in Fallon. She lived most of her life in northern Nevada, such as Eureka and Ely.

00:00:54           She moved from one place to another because his dad was involved in ranching.

00:01:07           Her father was from Banca, France and her mother was from Denmark. She worked as a teacher in a mine town school closed to Carson City and then in a ranch in Antelope Valley where she met her future dad.

00:02:02           She talks about her involvement with the Basque community. That was due to his dad’s shepherding business.

00:02:32           Her brothers have not been involved with the Basque community as much as Janet because his older brother felt more Danish than Basque and her younger brother was never interested on it.

00:03:50           Basque people got together in different ways before festivals were organized when she was a child.

00:05:25           She become the first president woman of NABO (North American Basque Organizations, Inc). 33 men created the Reno Basque club in 1967. Their first event was on St. Martin’s day (12th of November). By December, there were a number of people interested on the idea of creating a Basque club. There was a New Year’s Dance. The Club was constituted.

00:09:07           Janet got involved first with the Reno Basque Club and then with the creation of NABO itself. While working in the University of Nevada, Reno library she got involved with the Basque Studies Program.

00:11:20           By that time, Al Erquiaga from Boise contacted Basque Studies Program to let them know that he got a grant to compile information about Basques. Al talked to her about the project, and somehow many Basques throughout the western areas got involved.

00:15:17           Pete Cenarrusa supported the initial idea of creating a “federation” of Basque clubs (Western States Basque Federation). At the end NABO was created. The first president was Al Erquiaga and Miren Rementeria was secretary. It was registered as a Nevada corporation.

00:18:28           The first two NABO conventions were held in Reno. Janet become involved directly with NABO board meetings while being secretary of the Basque club in Reno.

00:19:12           She was elected as President of NABO in 1979 in San Francisco and then for second time in 1980 in Chino. There were diverse reactions to her election.

00:22:40           Men were unhappy about a woman being President of NABO. Those were difficult times.

00:25:35           She remembers the problems with the MGM Jai-Alai players in Reno.

00:27:31           Janet used this MGM Jai-Alai court for the 1980 pelota tournament.

00:30:11           Further problems with Basques from Chino.


Chronicler: Janet Inda

Interviewer: Miel Anjel Elustondo

Location: Fallon

Date: 1990s

Track 2

Duration: 00:30:10

Language: English



00:00:05           Janet talks about her involvement in the organization of the annual NABO Music Camp and the National Basque Monument project in Reno. Bill Douglass, Carmelo Urza, and her were the ones organizing most of the work around that project. Laxalt was also in the committee. She criticizes how the rest of the members of the committee did not do much work.

00:02:10           She talks about the Music Camp and its importance for the continuation of the Basque culture and heritage.

00:03:44           She talks about the uncertainty of the future for Basque culture. In that sense the Music Camp is essential.

00:05:00           She remembers her childhood when there was no music camp and therefore it is important for the future of the Basque people. Jon Oñatibia, famous txistulari, became the first instructor in the Music Camp where he taught Euskara and txistu. He died in 1979 in a car accident. That year the Music Camp was cancelled.

00:09:15           The first Music Camp lasted for six weeks; two weeks in San Francisco, two weeks in Reno, and two weeks in Boise. It was too much work for everyone.

00:10:00           She directed the Music Camp for 7 years. She talks about the many sacrifices and costs related with Music Camp.

00:12:20           Music Camp as a form of schooling, not party time.

00:14:28           Luis Menchaca was the next instructor. He came in 1979 for 7 or 8 years. Another instructor was Pedro Etchemendy.

00:19:35           She talks about the many friends she made during the early years of NABO. This is the main reason of NABO’s success.

00:21:45           She is always amazed about the learning progress of the children at the Music Camps.

00:24:41           She refers again about the importance of the Music Camp for the future of the Basque culture and for those children.

00:25:42           She talks about being Basque in America.

00:25:57           She mentions the child Martin Willy (?) as a great example for the Music Camp as he is not a full-blooded Basque.