Adeleida Viscarret

Nevada Hotel

Elko, Nevada



00:18†† mom learning English, learned Bizkaino, also

00:36†† dad did† not learn Basque in the Basque Country; was from Navarra

1:14†††† parentís common language was Basque

1;30†††† could not speak English in kindergarten; spoke more Spanish than Basque

2:02 ††† Kindergarten in the 1920s

2:58†††† parents bought the hotel in 1928, by 1938 they moved and leased the hotel to Hasquets (?)

3:20†††† Nasario and Veronica Hasquet from Carson City

3:39†††† Marjie Wanderlick (?)

4:05†††† living quarters in hotel consisted of 3 bedrooms; gathered in dining room, didnít have living room

5:19 ††† Margarita Beristain was cook at hotel; from Bizkaia

6:05†††† there werenít any Basque old maids

6:35†††† Maritxu married David Ayara

6:48†††† Dadís duties Ė bartender, mom kept the books Ė spoke better English

7:14†††† parents invested in rental property, mom took care of business

7:30†††† sheepherders left stuff at the hotel

8:00†††† hotel keepers helped sheepherders with doctor appointments, errands, etc.

8:35†††† Salt Lake, Hogar Hotel

9:20†††† kidsí chores

9:35†††† school and education

10:04†† her brother; people thought they were twins

10:30†† movie theater, Hunter theater, 10 cent movies, Mrs. Gets (?) played the organ

12:00†† West Hotel, Depot Hotel (both Italian), Star, La Paloma barbershop, Basque bar next to La Paloma

13:20†† Josh House, opium smoking

13:35†† Indian kids

13:40†† Hershey Lincoln; only black family in town

14:09†† Telescope Hotel; handball

14;35†† pala

14:45†† playing jacks with pigs knuckles (tabas); painted them

15:40†† played mostly with Basques and Italians, some Japanese

16:34†† wasnít much discrimination

17:14 † crab apple fights, hopscotch, double dutch

17:58†† when they moved, they started hanging out with Americans

18:29†† ďBlack BascoĒ felt bad about being called this at first

19:00†† Ray Gartiz said he wasnít Basque

19:38†† Etchegoyen

19:45†† people who didnít want people to know they were Basque

20:35†† depression; a guy had been riding the freight trains, offered to paint murals in saloon for room and board, painted all the murals, signed ďVagabondĒ.† Came back the next year and painted the dining room; outdoor scenes from calendars.

23:18†† Stockmanís bought the Nevada

23:40†† After Hasquets, leased the Nevada hotel to Flora and Lucas Ituarte

24:00†† sold Nevada hotel in 1945 sold to Gene Williams, wanted land, not hotel; Williams had a laundry; wanted to put a boiler on property to furnish heat to Stockmans

25:23†† Williams sold to Laucirica; Calisto and Pilar

25;38†† Mary Aguirre

25:52†† Lauciricaís sold to Mirandi Elizagoyen

26:19†† Biltoki

26:29†† physically moved the Nevada hotel across the street when Lauciricas owned it sometime in the 50s.

27:04†† has been remodeled

28:04†† did not advertise, mainly Basques; sheepherders

28:14†† END SIDE ONE




00:10†† July 1924, bought the house on 3rd Street

00:37†† built just the saloon first, but so many people came that wanted a place to stay, that they added a dining room and rooms upstairs Ė thatís how the Nevada Hotel got started; started in 1927.† It was on the other side of the railroad tracks right next to the Troy laundry.† Across from where it is now

1:20†††† Diane and Fred Puccinelli

1:25†††† Bill Williams ; had bowling alley

2:02†††† Frenchie Gailard was in fur and pelt business, her parents leased a warehouse to him

2:40†††† her dad acquired the land because someone owed him money and was unable to pay, so they gave him the land instead

3:20†††† dad ran the bar and the family lived at the house until 1932, then they moved into the hotel

4:00†††† depression

4:15†††† Spanish Basques went to the Star

4:21†††† mostly French Basque and Navarros went to the Nevada Hotel

4:39†††† grew up speaking Spanish with dad; family spoke everything, except French; Parents spoke Basque

5:30†††† Pete Ernaut is her motherís brother; five years younger than mom; sister Maria

6:15†††† momís memories of the Basque Country

6:28†††† contribution to the church, lamb

7:05†††† mom loved to sing; couldnít sing when in mourning, kept caskets in the home

7:39†††† maternal grandfather had been a sheepherder in California with his cousin, had gone back to France and bought a farm

8:05†††† Bordaluze in Urepel

8:28†††† Santa Fe in Reno

8:39†††† Urepel

8:59†††† mother came to U.S. when her brother died and they couldnít take care of the farm

9:16†††† Mrs. Borda, Mrs. Alber (?), Pete Ernaut came over with mother

9:47†††† had to stay in Le Havre a week waiting for their ship to be repaired, the Niagra, ice cream

10:12†† train in Chicago

11:29†† motherís brother Leon Ernaut met her mother here; he was already here

12:25†† Gardnerville; Leon worked for Danburg (?)

13:18†† Catalin Sanmanton (?) worked at the Telescope

13:40†† mother sponsored Catalin from Urepel, Maritxu Ayara from Urepel, and Emilia Indiano

14:48†† immigrant women mostly worked in the hotels††

15:05†† Overland

15:35†† mother came over in 1920, got married in 1924; worked at Overland and at Dr. Shawís

17:11†† dad worked for Hilton sheep company

17:39†† dad had a little ranch in Lamoille

17:42†† tramp sheepmen

18:18†† she was born on 3rd street

18:35†† purchased house in 1935; moved there in 1937

18:51†† mom wanted to get the kids away from the saloon

19:00†† penny candy; places to buy, etc.

20:00†† delivery to homes, vegetables, ice, etc.

21:15†† Georgia Beloso, mother Serafina was a cook at the hotel (husbandís parentís owned the Toscano)

22:30†† had a few American boarders at hotel

23:00†† mom was good singer, after supper they sang at table and drank cafť royal

24:00†† didnít have dances, but sometimes they used the jukebox; werenít too many women

24:30†† her mom didnít know how to dance; Aug. 15 was feast day in France

25:27†† mom had gone to Pau for a legal matter about water rights

27:19†† when her mom arrived her brother gave her money to buy American clothes

27:50†† (looking at photos of her mother)

28:27†† END SIDE 2